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Mittwoch, 21. März 2018

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The KU KLUX KLAN (english) Drucken E-Mail
The KKK claims to stand for a non-violent Christian movement, but in fact it's exactly the opposite. Over the history of the KKK it has been involved in lynching black people. It was characteristic for them to wear hoods, so that nobody was able to see their faces.

The name 'Ku Klux Klan' comes from the Greek word 'kuklos', meaning circle. The circle is considered to be one of the oldest symbols of unity. The circle is also a reference to the wheel, a symbol of creativity according to white supremacists, of the white race. The KKK represents itself as the oldest american white civil right group. While it's self-characterisation as a civel right group is doubtfull, it's stature as the oldest white nationalist group. The KKK hast gone through 5 eras since its founding.

The KKK was founded in 1866 by former Confederate General Nathan Bedrod Forrest (Tennessee). It was only one year after General Lee surrendered to Grant (1871 President). Their first activities were night rides. They intimate black people and lynched those people they found to be the greatest threats to the white supremacy in the Southern States.
In 1871 the activieties of the KKK were stamped out by President Grant, but the ideas of the KKK still existed.

The 2nd era was in the years before World War II, because there were more nationalists in the United States. The ideas for the KKK resurfaced first in literature and film. A very impotant film of this era was 'The birth of a nation' by Griffith. The Klan declared, that it was a whites-only organisation, with insists on the separation of the races, the Klan opposes any form of communism or socialism. They thought, that the Jews had to be blamed for the murder of Jesus. Estimated 4 million people were members of the KKK, but the number of members dropped because of anti-klan actions by the American Federation of Labour and American Legion.

In the 3rd era the KKK resurfaced the fight against integration of black students in public schools. They didn't only lynch black people like they did before, they burned down churches filled with children, in 1964 they murdered 3 civil right workers, who wanted to register black voters. The most significant man of this period was Robert Shelton, who tried to unit different faction of the KKK in the United States.

The membership dropped to an all time lowest number in the 4th era. David Duke rose to the head of the Klan. He presented them as a new organisation different from what they were before. He appeared to talk-shows and he explained that he was for the white pride in white people.

Today Robert Miles (Michigan) is the leader of the KKK. Nowerdays it's a paramilitary organisation. A former member of the KKK louis Beam has his own computer hit list of enemies of the KKK. The time of the Internet offers a big chance to publish their enemy-lists and doctrines. They can publish their propaganda, organising and recruitment via Internet.

One could call the KKK as the american Nazis of today. They still didn't learn of the past...maybe, or for sure they never will...


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